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Pak Mei Kuen - The Deadly art of White Eyebrow Boxing

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Taiping Pak Mei Kuen


Since Zhang Liquan (张礼泉) became so renowned his martial arts were taught often to students who were already masters of other styles, which added variability to the branches after. Additionally it would seem that Zhang Liquan had organized and developed Bai Mei Quan in stages so that the earlier students may have studied slightly different materials. In Guangdong there were thus many branches of Bai Mei Quan according to such conditions, whilst in Hong Kong most of the teachings are derived by his sons which were of the latter session. Here we will focus on the key branches that currently prevail and the key lineages to there establishment. This is by no means an exhaustive list of all practitioners or inheritors of Bai Mei Quan, rather it is only noting the key branches and the personalities involved.

Zhang Liquan

Although Zhang Liquan was involved in many different associations and schools teaching martial arts, in addition to passing on Bai Mei Quan to his sons Zhang Bingsen (张炳森) ,Zhang Binglin (张炳霖), Zhang Bingfa (张炳发), and Zhang Bingyang (张炳祥), he had a great many students and disciples which include the following: Liao Jinyi (廖进一), Tan Yuetai (谭乐泰), Zhang Shumou (张叔谋), Ceng Huibo (曾惠博), Ceng Baoshan (曾宝山), Tao Pei (陶培), Qiu Renhe (邱人和), Ge Zhaohuang (葛肇煌), Huang Zhishan (黄植山), Wu Hua (吴华), Liang Shaohai (梁少海), Wu Yao (吴耀), Mai Yaoqiu (麦耀球), Chen Jichang (陈绩常), Xia Hanxiong (夏汉雄), Che Guohua (陈国华), Li Hanquan (李汉泉), Li Daen (李大恩), Li Hanjiu (李汉就), He shisi (何十四), Chen Shiwu (陈十五), Chen Lianhuang (陈联晃), Guo Chichang (郭炽昌), Liao Zhixiang (廖志翔), Chen Lianshu (陈联枢), Li Shiqiang (李世强), Wu Dade (吴大德), Hu Xiang (胡祥), Chen Zuo (陈佐), He Jisun (何辑荪), Huang Chubai (黄楚白), Wu Nanjing (伍南经), Yang qiming (杨启明), Chen Rongfu (陈荣富), Luo Hua (罗华), Deng Yang (邓养), Deng Dong (邓东), Yan Xiong (颜雄), Li Potuo (李发陀) and Ye Fucheng (叶福成).

Of the above, those with the most influence or greatest number of followers include:

Zhang Bingsen

Zhang Bingfa

Zhang Binglin

Xia Hanxiong
Li Shiqiang
Ceng Huibo
Wu Nanjing

Hong Kong Bai Mei Quan (香港白眉拳, c. Hong Kong Pak Mei Kuen)

Li Shiqiang

When Zhang Liquan moved to Hong Kong some of his disciples also went with him. Hong Kong Bai Mei Quan was mainly taught by Zhang Liquan's sons Zhang Bingfa (Cheung Bingfat), Zhang Bingsen (c. Cheung Bingsan) and Zhang Binglin (c. Cheung Binglam) whom became the key teachers when the family moved to Hong Kong. Zhang Liquan was more of an advisor. Additionally many of Zhang Liquan's close disciples also taught in Hong Kong either assisting or running other clubs of their own.

Hong Kong Bai Mei Quan has become the standard bearer in recent years given the closeness to the Zhang Family. In Hong Kong some other notable disciples include Wu Nanjing (c. Ng Nam King) who became the president of the Hong Kong Bak Mei Association when first set up in Hong Kong (Zhang Bingfa and Zhang Binglin were supervisors at the association) and Li Shiqiang (李世强), 1900-1974 c. Lee Sai Keung) who taught in Yuen Long. Hong Kong Bai Mei Jiu Bu Tui performance is found here.

Bai Mei Quan
(广州白眉拳, c. Canton Pak Mei Kuen)

Liang Shaohai

Throughout Guangzhou the most influential Bai Mei teacher (after Zhang Liquan) was his disciples Ceng Hui Bo and Xia Hanxiong, who were both masters of other styles that lost to Zhang Liquan and later asked for his tutelage. Ceng Huibo was born in Saigon, Vietnam but was descendant of Cengcheng in Guangdong, had studied Cailifoquan (c. Choy Lee Fut). Xia Hanxiong, had previously studied hongquan (c. Hung Kuen) and Cailifoquan (c. Choy Lee Fut), later setup the "Yue Sheng Ti Yu Hui" (Cantonese Victorious - Physical Education Association), later this was changed to the "Zhu Jiang Guoshu She" (Pearl River Chinese Boxing Society".

Ceng Huibo and Xia Hanxiong would also accompany Zhang Liquan during his travels throughout Guangdong, assisting in both teaching and meeting challengers. Some of Xia Hanxiongs students include Xia Guoying, Xia Guozhang, Qiu Wu, Li Cai, Li Xia, Liang Shaohai and Lu Yangzhao. Liang Shaohai (梁少海, 1918-1987, c. Leung Siuhoi) in addition to studying with Xia Hanxiong also became a direct student under Zhang Liquan, becoming influential in the Guangzhou area.

Foshan Bai Mei Quan (佛山白眉拳, c. Futsan Pak Mei Kuen)

Liu Shaoliang

Chou Taisheng

Xia Hanxiong had taught Chou Wu (仇乌) who then taught Chou Taisheng (仇太生) and Liu Shaoliang (刘少良) and, who later were the founding fathers of Foshan Bai Mei Quan. There is also a legend that Liu Shaoliang had studied with Zhu Yuan Daoist Priest (竺缘道长, a fellow of Zhu Yun Buddhist monk, from Guangxiao Buddhist Temple), whilst also some suggest he studied Choy Lee Fut for a while which added the fists and body structures.

Although Chou Taisheng had been teaching in Foshan he did not gain much popularity. However when Liu Shaoliang joined him, together they had much more success and some of their key students include: Liu Chuanji, Chou Deji, Chen Youmin, Pang Shaosheng, Chen Shuji, Liang Yuxi and Liang Rungen.

The contents of their Bai Mei included sets such as Shi Zi (Cross Fist), Ba Gua (8 Trigrams), Qi Dian Mei Hua (9 Points Plum Blossom), Hua Bao (Flower Leopard), Hu Bu (Tiger Step), Di Sha (Earth Demon), Jiu Bu Tui (9 Step Push), Shi Ba Mo Qiao (18 Rubbing Bridges). Foshan Bai Mei Jiu Bu Tui performance is found here.

Yunfu Bai Mei Quan (云浮白眉拳, c. Wanfou Pak Mei Kuen)

Chen Junxia

Ceng Huibo taught Chen Junxia (陈君侠, 1903-1952) , who the was the founding father of Yunfu Bai Mei Quan. Chen Junxia taught many students, most prominent being his son Chen Zongliang (陈宗良,1915-1995), Zhu Yucheng (朱雨成, 1918-2001) and Li Yaobin (李耀斌, 1919-2003), who each started their own schools..

Chen Zhongliang's main student was Guan Guanghong, but also taught Zhao Ke and Qu Guangquan. His style was very balanced between the hard agression and calm interior influenced by his other martial arts and daoist studies and as a result contains sets such as Shi Ba Shou (18 hands), Wu Suo Zhang (5 Shifting Palms), Long Xing Hu Bu Mo (Dragon Shape Tiger Step Rubbing), Liang Yi Shen Zhang (Twin Poles Spirtial Rubbing), Fei Long (Flying Dragon), Fei Hu (Flying Tiger), Fei Feng (Flying Phoenix) and Hei Hu (Black Tiger).

Li Yaobin's main disciple was Li Ziwen, but also taught Xian Zhuohang and Peng Tiande. From there the art was spread far into Yunfu. Li Yaobin in quite contrast to Chen Zhongliang emphasized the training of skills, strength and power. He was known for stressing the importance of basics and fundamentals thereby characterising his art. The sets he taught included Qian San Hou San (Front three Rear three), Zhi Bu (Straight Steps), Shi Shi (Sek Si), Si Men Ba Gua (4 Doors 8 Trigrams), San Men Ba Gua (3 Doors 8 Trigrams), San Bu Tun (3 Steps Swallow), Jiu Bu Tui (9 Step Push) and Shiba Mo Qiao (18 Rubbing Bridges). Currently the representatives include Peng Jianming (Peng Tiande's son), Lu Wenqiang (Xian Zhuohang's disciple), Li Taishan, Li Taizhi and Feng Yuan (all three studied under Li Ziwen). Yunfu Bai Mei Jiu Bu Tui performance is found here.

Gaoyao Bai Mei Quan (高要白眉拳, c. Gouyiu Pak Mei Kuen)

Chen Junxia taught Chen Diquan ( 陈棣权, 1922-1996) , Chen Yongfu (陈永福) and Chen Xuzhou (陈序洲) who were from Gaoyao City, who then taught the art in their hometowns. Chen Diquan had mastered Bai Mei Quan and his style was for his powerful methods, lively and dynamic hands with lightning speed. His teachings included the sets Shi Zi Quan (Cross Fist), Ba Gua Quan (8 Trigrams) and Meng Hu Chu Lin (Fierce Tiger Exits Forest). Gaoyao Bai Mei Jiu Bu Tui performance is found here.

Vietnam Bai Mei Quan (越南白眉拳, c. Vietnam Pak Mei Kuen)

Diep Quoc Luong

Ceng Huibo (1906-1958, c. Tsang Wai Bok) returned to Vietnam in the 1950's (where he is known as Tang Hue Bac) and taught Bak Mei in Saigon (Hoi Chi Minh City), the art was kept predominantly within the Chinese Community. Some of his most noted students included Diep Quoc Luong (c. Yip Kwok Leung), Ly Cam Truong, Tan Bic Buc, Luc Tho Nhu, Tai Chek Cam and others. Diep Quoc Luong was instrumental in passing the arts in Vietnam as he also accepted non Chinese and as a result became one of the most respected and influential Masters in Vietnam.

Originally Ceng Huibo in the beginning was said to have taught only 9 sets of Bai Mei Quan, but later expanded the curriculum so that the are up to 18 sets nowadays. Some of the unique sets that are from this line include Dan Jing (Single Power), Si Ma Lian Huan (4 Horse (step) Continuous), Lian Ye Zhe Gui (Lotus Leaf Covers Turtle) and San Gong (Three Attacks). Vietnam Bai Mei Jiu Bu Tui performance is found here.

Shaolin Rou Gong Men (柔功门, c. Yau Kung Mun)

Xia Hanxiong and Tie Yin

In his later years, Xia Hanxiong was said to have met a monk Tie Yin (also from Luo Fo Shan) that taught him unique Shaolin Yau Kung Mun methods and created a new style Rou Gong Men (Soft Skill Style). During his later time in Guangzhou and then when Xia Hanxiong moved to Hong Kong he no longer taught Bai Mei Quan but changed to Rou Gong Men which he then passed to later generations including his son Xia Guozhang (Ha Kwok Cheung).

The early stages include most of the same material as Bai Mei Quan, but in the advanced stages the Rou Gong Skills are then the core that differentiate the style. Rou Gong Men also became well known in Hong Kong for its Lion Dance Troupes. Yau Kung Mun set is found here.





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